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Forts in Gujarat,India

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Champaner The historical town of Champaner is a city in the Gujarat state of western India. It is located in Panchmahal District, 47 kilometers from the city of Vadodara. The city was briefly the capital of Gujarat.  It was founded by Vanraj Chavda, the most prominent king of the Chavda Kingdom, in the 8th century. He named it after the name of his friend and general Champa, also known later as Champaraj. By the later 15th century, the Khichi Chauhan Rajputs held Pavagadh fort above the town of Champaner. The young Sultan of Gujarat, Mahmud Begada, captured the fort on 21 November 1484, after a siege of 20 months. He then spent 23 years rebuilding and embellishing Champaner, which he renamed Muhammadabad, after which he moved the capital there from Ahmedabad. The town finally succumbed to attacks from the Mughal Emperor Humayun in 1535. Champaner is today the site of the Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, which UNESCO designated a World Heritage Site in 2004, and is situated about 47 km from the city of Vadodara.  Sultan Begada also built a magnificent Jama Masjid in Champaner, which ranks amongst the finest architectural edifices in Gujarat. It is an imposing structure on a high plinth, with a central dome, two minarets 30 meters in height, 172 pillars, seven mihrabs, and carved entrance gates with fine stone jalis.   

Dabhoi  It was established in the early 6th century AD. Its foundation and fortification is ascribed to the great King of Gujarat, Siddhraj Jaisinh (1093-1143 AD), who made this his frontier fortress. The architectural style and the exquisite stone carving and iconography on the fort walls and gates suggests that it was conceived and constructed in the same period as Rudra Mahalaya and Zinzuwada Fort. It is mentioned as an important city in the Jain inscriptions of Girnar (VS 1288). It came under the control of Muslim rulers in 1300 AD after the fall of Patan. The fort of Dabhoi is one of the rare surviving examples of Hindu military architecture, based on the shastri traditions described in various Vaastu scriptures. There are four gates in the town, one in each cardinal direction, having indirect entry, located in the middle of each side of the fort wall. It was altered during the time of Visaldev and the Muslim rule. Hira Bhagol (named after the architect, Hiradhar), the most exquisitely carved gate, is in the east, with Vadodara Gate in the west, Champaner Gate in the north and Nandod Gate in the south. Dabhoi has many Jain and Hindu temples, devoted to different gods and goddesses. Dabhoi is the birth place of the great Gujarati poet, Raskavi Dayaram, composer of many garbas (devotional songs) and a devotee of Ranchhodraiji of Dakor. Many Jain scholars also stayed here in the past and enriched the Jain Granth Bhandar, which has a collection of ancient Jain manuscripts.dabhoi is also known for late shree indubhai sheth who has build temples for untouchable,build a school and a hospital,his sons are running many charities named after him,he passed away in july 2006.dabhoi municipality is building a giant gate of his name at the enterance of dadhoi.he is remembered as BHAMASHA OF DABHOI.  

Pavagadh It is said that the king Vanaraj Chavada established Champaner at the foot of Pavagadh in fond memory of his wise minister Champa. Later, the Patai Raval family ruled it and took care of the boundary. The folk tales say that Mahakali assumed the form of a woman and danced in a Garba during Navaratri. The last Patai Jaisinh watched her with dirty looks. The deity became angry at Jaisinh and cursed him. As a result, the emperor of Gujarat, Muhammad Begda assaulted Pavagadh and won the hill on the boundary. Patai was defeated and killed. Muhammad Begda shifted his capital from Ahmedabad to Champaner for some time for reasons of diplomacy. He developed the town by constructing buildings such as the fort of Champaner, Uohra mosque, Mandavi, Kirtistambh, the temple of Shalkh, Jama Masjid, Nagina Mosque and Kevda Mosque. The remains of the Palace of Begda are still found near Vad Talav (Banyan Pond) two kilometers (1.25 miles) away from Champaner. 

Background Pavagadh is the gateway to Panchmahal. It is the area of the tribals. The government has granted many concessions and offered subsidies to the new industries coming up in this area. As a result of it, Halol and Kaalol districts near Pavagadh have turned into virtual industrial estates. The locations of hilly areas around Halol provide a very good sight. A film studio at Halol has this added advantage. On the eastern side, the Rangpur Ashram run by Mr. Harivallahh Parikh works towards the upliftment of the local tribals.  

 

 

 

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