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Making a Career in Creative Arts and Commercial Arts

Tuesday, September 2nd, 2008
by Sck

Author: anirban das

‘Creative and Commercial Arts’ is an upcoming and much in demand field today. Those with creative aptitude and good art skills have no lack of job opportunities with a rise in the media, advertising and publishing sectors. To hone the inherent skills, one can avail the formal training which is available for fine arts at the certificate, diploma and degree level at a number of institutions. The course duration could vary from 1-5 years. Those who want to make a career out of it can pursue courses at institutes across India and abroad. To become a successful commercial artist, one must have a creative bent of mind and an eye for detail. Apart from this, one needs perseverance and an indomitable will power to pursue this field of fine arts as a profession.

Commercial fine arts could refer to painting, sculpting, applied art, graphic interior design, ceramic design, mural design, metal craft, pottery design and painting. It is important to get training as a course helps one nurture and align the creative energy and gives the technical edge and finesse required to survive in an industry where competition is ever increasing. There is training available at both degree and diploma level. For doing a Bachelors Degree course in Fine Arts (BFA), one must have successfully cleared the Higher Secondary Examinations or 10+ 2. Subsequently, for acquiring a Post Graduation Degree in Commercial Fine Arts, one must be a graduate in Fine Arts.

There are many premier    institutes in India where Commercial Fine Arts    is taught as a subject of study. These include Sir J.J. Institute of Applied Art (Mumbai), Faculty of Fine Arts (Baroda), Kala Bhavan, Shantiniketan, Jamia Millia Islamia (New Delhi) and College of Art (New Delhi).

Sir J. J. Institute of Applied Art is based in Mumbai. It is a state government college that has four departments which offer training for various types of Degree and Diploma courses. The Department Of Painting offers BFA (Painting) 4 years, Post Degree MFA(Painting ) 2 years, MFA (Painting) (by papers) in Portraiture, MFA (Painting) in Graphic Art, MFA (Painting) in Creative Painting. The Department Of Sculpture And Modelling offers BFA (Sculpture) 4 years and Diploma Sculpture and Modelling 4 years. The Department Of Arts And Crafts offers BFA (Craft- Metal Work) 4 years, BFA (Craft - Textile Design) 4 years, BFA (Craft- Interior Decoration) 4 years and BFA (Craft - Ceramics) 4 years. The Department Of Art offers Teacher Training Art Teacher’s Diploma ( A.T.D.) 2 years, Diploma in Art Education (Dip. A. ED.) 1 year and Art Master Certificate Course (part-time) 1 year.

Symbiosis Institute of Design based in Pune offers the following degree programs:  Bachelor of Design (B. Des) in Communication Design, Bachelor of Design (B. Des ) in Product Design, Bachelor of Design (B. Des) in Fashion Communication and Bachelor of Design (B. Des) in Fashion Design. The institute tries to offer an optimum mix of traditional skills, new media skills and soft skills.

Other than these, Jamia Milia Islamia, Loyola College, Amity University, University of Calcutta, Rabindra Bharati University, International Institute of Fine Arts, Apeejay College of Fine Arts, Aligrah Muslim University, University of Jammu, Animation and Fine Arts Academy, Anna University and the University of Delhi offer courses on fine arts.   Those who have acquired a degree or diploma in fine arts, commercial arts or creative arts can work as freelancers. This allows for variety and free hand in their projects. There is demand for specialists in drawing in the publishing industry and newspaper houses as illustrators, cartoonists, and designers. Those who are good at applied art have unlimited opportunities in advertising agencies as graphic artists, designers, visualisers, and creative directors. Trained artists have a wide arena of options in front of them, ranging from working in art studios, advertising companies, fashion houses etc. Other related careers are teaching, direction, photography, television, clothing and fashion, as art directors for magazines, on-line services, software companies, manufacturers, promotion and product design.
In the television and media field, one could design the non verbal presentations for television programmes involving trade figure analysis, election results, etc. A commercial artist can also design stamps and letter heads for government organizations. Software firms in India require experts in commercial fine arts as ‘Graphic Equalisers’.

Apart from working in India, one can also explore career options abroad. One can organize exhibitions and auction his creations abroad. Then, there is an option to conduct various workshops on fine arts and its related fields. Other related option is to be art critic and write reviews for various art magazines which are quite popular abroad. Thus, there is no dearth of job options for skilled and trained artists in creative arts, fine arts and commercial arts. After a course from a good institute, one can land a job with either a good company or work on his/her own and earn name, fame and wealth. This field can give one high visibility and recognition with one good piece of art.

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/career-management-articles/making-a-career-in-creative-arts-and-commercial-arts-538276.html

About the Author:
Geetika Jain writes on behalf of  Shiksha.com . Shiksha.com is an education portal that connects education seeker with education provider. Shiksha.com has wide information over  Fine Arts and Creative arts courses , its education forums enable its users to seek opinion of students, alumni and faculty of colleges and schools through College Groups and School Groups

List of Accounting Careers

Tuesday, September 2nd, 2008
by Sck

Author: Gargi Nath

Every year, different colleges and universities from all over the world produce graduates with different college degrees. It only means that every year, the unemployment rate increases and very few newly-grads land a job. It is very important to choose the college degree that you’re going to take to ensure your professional career in the future.
Among the top college courses of degree is accounting. Accounting involves different tasks which include keeping track of income, assets, liabilities, and a lot more. You can learn more about these tasks if you choose an accountancy course.
In accounting, you will learn a lot of things like how businesses and companies work. Successful businessmen are accountants one way or another. You see, accounting is essential in businesses. It is a way of evaluating the business situation, whether a company is losing or earning profits.
In short, the business’ language is accounting. All business activities are quantified through accounting and this is where all business reports are derived and later on, communicated to the management level. What career opportunities can you expect if you’re a graduate of accountancy?

1. Public Practice – if you become a CPA, you can do public practice. You can give your services to clients in exchange for an affordable fee. Usually, CPAs work in partnerships and they offer their services to businesses, governments, and even to individuals. The job responsibilities of an accountant in public practice will usually include auditing, taxation, management advisory services, etc. You can gain a lot of work experience in this field.

2. Education – accountancy graduates can also teach after they get their methods of teaching. They can become a researcher, reviewer, and a professor. If you choose this profession, you can learn a lot of things. You can clear out certain accounting issues, conduct research, and then distribute the results.

3. Government service – you can look for job opportunities in the state or federal level. Government accountants are responsible for tracking costs, budgets, and analyzing the various government programs that involves huge amounts. Being a government accountant can give you the chance of improving the conditions of the poor however, due to political influence, your will experience bureaucratic impediment.

If you want to become a government accountant, you have to think twice because the public usually think differently of those in position. But it doesn’t really matter what other people think as long as you’re doing your work honestly and effectively.

4. Commerce – accounting groups are maintained by corporations, whether big or small. The groups of accountants prepare and organize all the financial statements, handle tax issues, track costs, handle international transactions, and a lot more.

After years of being a member of the accounting group, you will have your chance of becoming the department head or you can be promoted as the cost accountant, budget officer, chief accountant, or even the company auditor. The size of the corporation determines the various responsibilities of the accountant.

Now you know that by taking up a course in accounting you will be offered a myriad of opportunities in the future. You must be able to choose the right career path. Before making a decision, you have to consider the responsibilities and nature of work of a certain accounting career.

Choose the one that you like most and one that you’re passionate about.

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/career-management-articles/list-of-accounting-careers-539109.html

About the Author:
I am Gargi Nath from Kolkata,India.I am a Professor of English.Please visit my website  http://career-in-accounting.blogspot.com  for more promising accounting career options and tips.

Legal Interpreters at Work

Tuesday, September 2nd, 2008
by Sck

Author: Betty Carlson

In our third of a series about different types of language interpreting, we will explain the tasks carried out by a legal interpreter, as well as his or her important role in US courts today.
Legal or judiciary interpreters help people who are unable to communicate in English to receive fair treatment in the court system. Legal interpreters must remain emotionally detached from their work and not modify the meaning or tone of what is said, so a high standard of ethics and a keen sense of objectivity are extremely important in this field.
Legal interpreters also need to be thoroughly familiar with the language and functions of the U.S. judicial system, and sometimes with other countries’ legal systems as well. Court interpreters work in a variety of legal settings, such as attorney-client meetings, preliminary hearings, depositions, trials, and arraignments. Success as a judiciary interpreter requires an understanding of both legal terminology and colloquial language.
Since the stakes are extremely high in this field of language interpreting, legal interpreters must be perfectly qualified for their job. For example, despite a shortage of legal interpreters, some states, including California, are seeking to raise court interpreters’ qualification standards in the interest of justice for all.
Right now, court interpreters can be certified in the following 13 languages:  •    American Sign Language  •    Arabic  •    Armenian (Eastern)  •    Armenian (Western)  •    Cantonese  •    Japanese  •    Korean  •    Mandarin  •    Portuguese  •    Russian  •    Spanish  •    Tagalog  •    Vietnamese   Court interpreting is a very demanding job. Spoken language court interpreters must be completely fluent in both English and the second language, while court interpreters of American Sign Language must be completely fluent in both English and American Sign Language. The level of expertise required for this profession is far greater than that required for everyday bilingual conversation. The interpreter must be able to handle the widest range of language terms that may be presented in the courts—from specialized legal and technical terminology to street slang. Most people do not have a full command of all registers of both English and the foreign language and, therefore, require special training to acquire it.

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/career-management-articles/legal-interpreters-at-work-541695.html

About the Author:
Language Translation Inc. , has been serving the U.S. and countries abroad since 1989 with professional document translation, certified conference interpreting, and software / website localization services. With more than 25 years of experience in writing, communications, and language teaching skills Betty Carlson serves as Language Translations Marketing Communication specialist. Betty authors our blogs, media communications including press releases, white papers, and user guides. Betty holds a Bachelor of Arts with distinction in English from Stanford University and is fluent in both English and French.

Companies Self-destruct When Bullies Run Amok!

Tuesday, September 2nd, 2008
by Sck

Author: Yancey Thomas Jr.

I have vivid memories of being bullied when I was in the fourth grade. Darrell would line me and other classmates up each morning and extort our lunch money under threat of beating us to a pulp! Darrell had already missed about two grades and towered over everyone. We were thoroughly intimidated. Growing tired of watching other kids enjoying their lunches I came up with an idea. I’ll tell my mom about it and she will get him off my back! I knew my dear mother would show me empathy.
Wrong! She gave me one of the worst thrashings of my life and said, “Don’t you let that boy take your lunch money. I’m going to call your teacher tomorrow to make sure you eat lunch.” Now I was really in a jam, I had to decide who I was more afraid of Mom or Darrell! I didn’t get an inch of sleep that night and the next morning went off to school hoping to hide from Darrell. Unfortunately, he caught me before the homework bell and proceeded to pound me for refusing to cough up my lunch money.
During the course of the fight I remember being cheered on by other victims of Darrell’s tyranny. Mercifully, the teachers arrived and saved me from further punishment. I looked at Darrell and to my amazement, I had actually bloodied his nose! As we were marched to the principal’s office, I was cheered and patted on the back by my classmates. I also got a lot of attention from the girls in my class. I explained to the principal about Darrell’s extortion racket and mom’s response. He sent me back to class and Darrell was suspended for a week. After that, I never had any more problems with Darrell. We in fact became good friends.
Unfortunately there are “Darrells and Darrellettes” in the workplace who are just as intimidating to fellow employees. Standing up to workplace bullies can be just as frightening for the victims. Workplace bullying can take on different forms such as

psychological abuse

physical abuse

emotional abuse

verbal and non verbal abuse

sabotage of the victims work product

According to Wikipedia workplace bullying, “is the tendency of individuals or groups to use persistent aggressive or unreasonable behavior against a co-worker.” From my workplace experience, I have witnessed bullying of customers, vendors, visitors and other interested parties! Bullies in the workplace often take advantage of their power by…

humiliating

insulting

affronting and confronting

intimidating

…the “target” of their abuse. Many times this behavior is played out in front of witnesses to destroy the victim’s self esteem. When management allows bullying, trust in the workplace is nonexistent. Studies show that when there is an environment of distrust, employees tend to perform poorly. So bullying is bad for business. when employers are aware of bullying from employees and managers and do nothing to correct it, they share in the negative consequences. Workplace bullies come in all shapes, genders, races and sizes and have a great need for control. Here are the four basic types of workplace bullies.

Yellers  They always have to talk over the target(s).

Blockers  This type likes to undermine the reputation of the target and destroy work product.

Backstabbers  Self explanatory, they work in the shadows spreading ugly rumors and gossip aimed at the target.

Nitpickers  This bully lives to find fault with everything the victim does no matter how trivial. The bully will trash any suggestions by the target for improving workplace performance and efficiency as well.

A national poll conducted by the Workplace Bullying Institute says 37 percent or 54 million American employees have been or are bullied at work. Gary Namie, director of the Institute says, “It’s a silent epidemic”. Workplace bullying is also called  “mobbing”  when two or more managers or employees gang up on a victim. Co-workers who witness bullying have increased levels of low morale and stress. Employees who are the targets exhibit…

insomnia

stroke

depression

migraine headaches

low self esteem

high levels of stress disorder

suicidal tendencies

greater risk of heart disease

Because there are no laws protecting employees from bullying there is no clear definition for it. That makes it hard to distinguish from other behaviors such as sexual and racial harassment. To this point, the federal government has no workplace bully laws. Businesses and organizations by and large don’t have policies to prevent it. However, several states have proposed legislation to provide employees some protection. There are some things employees can do to protect themselves.

Learn more about it

Stay calm

Promote your good work

Inform management of the problem(if the bully is the manager go over his/her head)

Understand the bully is the problem not you

Keep good records detailing the bullies behavior over a period on time. This includes names, dates, times, places, witnesses, etc. Try to get the bully to create a paper trail for you. You would be amazed at how easy it is to get people behaving badly in the workplace to email their negative intent toward you. I have successfully used email that required a response to accomplish this. Keep all the documentation you receive from the bully that helps you prove his/her accusations against you are false. Finally, if possible always try to have one or more witnesses who aren’t intimidated or a part of the bullies  “mob”  around as witnesses to what is said and done.
Raising awareness and making a stand like the one I did against Darrell are the most effective ways to discourage and prevent workplace bullying. Seeking legal guidance is always an option as well until specific laws are passed to protect employees.

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/career-management-articles/companies-selfdestruct-when-bullies-run-amok-541750.html

About the Author:
Yancey Thomas Jr. has functioned as a certified and trained mediator in alternative dispute resolution of employment and general civil issues for over 10 years. As an employee, he has a unique perspective on what it takes to succeed in the workplace. There’s more to learn  about a   workplace bully .

Test Taking Tips – How to Pass Employee Selection Tests

Tuesday, September 2nd, 2008
by Sck

Author: Catherine Z Jones

If you listen to the BBC News you will hear them say that more and more employers are using job aptitude tests to help select employees and research indicates that the number of people asked to carry out such tests is around  40%.
Here are some test taking tips to help you when taking a job aptitude test.

General Test Taking Tips
There is no need to worry about the fact that you are taking the test. With the exception of math questions, there are no right or wrong answers - it is simply your overall aptitude for the job you are applying for that is being looked at.
Most of the questions are multiple choice style and are set with time limits and performed under normal examination conditions. Don’t worry if you do not finish the test in the time allotted as not many candidates actually do.
There is no such thing as a ‘pass mark’ for this type of test. More often than not your results will be compared to those of people who are already doing the job you have applied for.
More than one area is usually covered by the job aptitude test. For example, one part may take into account your ability to reason with numbers or read diagrams, whilst another section is likely to concentrate on your interpretation of text.
If you can find out what type of job selection test you will be faced with prior to the interview this will give you the opportunity to practice. Why not give the Human Resources or Personnel Department a call? The worst thing that can happen is that they are not prepared to give you further details. On the other hand if they say yes, this means you may have a head start over the other candidates.
How to Improve Your Test Results
Here are 9 test taking tips to help you improve your selection test results:
Make sure you arrive at the test location refreshed, in a positive mind set and in good time.
Carefully listen or read the instructions. You may find that marks are not granted on an even basis throughout the test. Section A may only carry 10% of the total marks whilst section B may account for 40%. Allocate your time wisely to achieve the maximum marks.
Find the happy medium between accuracy and speed. If you go too fast you will make mistakes and if you go too slow you will not answer as many questions as you could do.
Don’t spend too much time agonizing over a question if you know you cannot answer it - simply move on to the next one. Having said that, don’t give up on a question too quickly either.
Don’t waste your valuable test time checking and double checking your answers.
If you are unsure about the answer to a certain question, write down your best guess and move on. However, try to avoid wild guesses - they don’t do you any favors in the long run.
There is no need to panic if the questions appear to be getting more difficult as the test goes on. This is quite often the case so you can expect to take longer to complete the latter questions.
If calculators are permitted in the test, take your own one in with you. You are familiar with it and you know how it works.
There may be some practice questions at the start of the test. If you do not understand these questions thoroughly, ask the test administrator who will be happy to explain things to you.
And finally, the most important of our test taking tips. Practice makes perfect so get some practice tests in prior to attending the interview.
Here’s some specific advice on  maths and numerical tests  and  verbal reasoning or logic test questions.

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/career-management-articles/test-taking-tips-how-to-pass-employee-selection-tests-543183.html

About the Author:
Catherine Jones is a leading authority on recruitment and, with 3 colleagues, has written a  how to snag a job website  in which she shares her secrets on getting hired.

Catherine works as a senior manager for a large financial services organisation and recruits new employees on a regular basis. Learn from the experts and snag the job you want – your dream job!




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