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Archive for April, 2008

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Forts in Gujarat,India

Monday, April 28th, 2008

Champaner The historical town of Champaner is a city in the Gujarat state of western India. It is located in Panchmahal District, 47 kilometers from the city of Vadodara. The city was briefly the capital of Gujarat.  It was founded by Vanraj Chavda, the most prominent king of the Chavda Kingdom, in the 8th century. He named it after the name of his friend and general Champa, also known later as Champaraj. By the later 15th century, the Khichi Chauhan Rajputs held Pavagadh fort above the town of Champaner. The young Sultan of Gujarat, Mahmud Begada, captured the fort on 21 November 1484, after a siege of 20 months. He then spent 23 years rebuilding and embellishing Champaner, which he renamed Muhammadabad, after which he moved the capital there from Ahmedabad. The town finally succumbed to attacks from the Mughal Emperor Humayun in 1535. Champaner is today the site of the Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, which UNESCO designated a World Heritage Site in 2004, and is situated about 47 km from the city of Vadodara.  Sultan Begada also built a magnificent Jama Masjid in Champaner, which ranks amongst the finest architectural edifices in Gujarat. It is an imposing structure on a high plinth, with a central dome, two minarets 30 meters in height, 172 pillars, seven mihrabs, and carved entrance gates with fine stone jalis.   

Dabhoi  It was established in the early 6th century AD. Its foundation and fortification is ascribed to the great King of Gujarat, Siddhraj Jaisinh (1093-1143 AD), who made this his frontier fortress. The architectural style and the exquisite stone carving and iconography on the fort walls and gates suggests that it was conceived and constructed in the same period as Rudra Mahalaya and Zinzuwada Fort. It is mentioned as an important city in the Jain inscriptions of Girnar (VS 1288). It came under the control of Muslim rulers in 1300 AD after the fall of Patan. The fort of Dabhoi is one of the rare surviving examples of Hindu military architecture, based on the shastri traditions described in various Vaastu scriptures. There are four gates in the town, one in each cardinal direction, having indirect entry, located in the middle of each side of the fort wall. It was altered during the time of Visaldev and the Muslim rule. Hira Bhagol (named after the architect, Hiradhar), the most exquisitely carved gate, is in the east, with Vadodara Gate in the west, Champaner Gate in the north and Nandod Gate in the south. Dabhoi has many Jain and Hindu temples, devoted to different gods and goddesses. Dabhoi is the birth place of the great Gujarati poet, Raskavi Dayaram, composer of many garbas (devotional songs) and a devotee of Ranchhodraiji of Dakor. Many Jain scholars also stayed here in the past and enriched the Jain Granth Bhandar, which has a collection of ancient Jain manuscripts.dabhoi is also known for late shree indubhai sheth who has build temples for untouchable,build a school and a hospital,his sons are running many charities named after him,he passed away in july 2006.dabhoi municipality is building a giant gate of his name at the enterance of dadhoi.he is remembered as BHAMASHA OF DABHOI.  

Pavagadh It is said that the king Vanaraj Chavada established Champaner at the foot of Pavagadh in fond memory of his wise minister Champa. Later, the Patai Raval family ruled it and took care of the boundary. The folk tales say that Mahakali assumed the form of a woman and danced in a Garba during Navaratri. The last Patai Jaisinh watched her with dirty looks. The deity became angry at Jaisinh and cursed him. As a result, the emperor of Gujarat, Muhammad Begda assaulted Pavagadh and won the hill on the boundary. Patai was defeated and killed. Muhammad Begda shifted his capital from Ahmedabad to Champaner for some time for reasons of diplomacy. He developed the town by constructing buildings such as the fort of Champaner, Uohra mosque, Mandavi, Kirtistambh, the temple of Shalkh, Jama Masjid, Nagina Mosque and Kevda Mosque. The remains of the Palace of Begda are still found near Vad Talav (Banyan Pond) two kilometers (1.25 miles) away from Champaner. 

Background Pavagadh is the gateway to Panchmahal. It is the area of the tribals. The government has granted many concessions and offered subsidies to the new industries coming up in this area. As a result of it, Halol and Kaalol districts near Pavagadh have turned into virtual industrial estates. The locations of hilly areas around Halol provide a very good sight. A film studio at Halol has this added advantage. On the eastern side, the Rangpur Ashram run by Mr. Harivallahh Parikh works towards the upliftment of the local tribals.  

 

 

 

History of Mickey - Mouse, A Summery

Monday, April 28th, 2008
by Sue

In the beginning…

v Walt Disney designed the character while riding on a train back to Los Angeles with his wife Lillian. After completing his sketch, Walt showed it to Lillian and said his name was Mortimer Mouse. Lillian did not like the name and suggested Mickey Mouse. And so was the birth of Mickey Mouse.


v Mickey’s first film was Plane Crazy. After the loss of Oswald the Rabbit, Walt and illian Disney and Ub Iwerks, worked in secret on the film in a garage behind Walt’s home on Lyric Avenue.

v Plane Crazy had a sneak preview at a Hollywood movie house in May, 1928. The movie was pleasantly received. However, the big movie houses were not interested in Mickey Mouse.

v Walt and Ub made a second Mickey Mouse film called Gallopin’ Gaucho.

v The first two Mickey Mouse films that Walt made cost the studio $2,500 each.

v Mickey Mouse made his debut in Steamboat Willie on November 18, 1928, at the Colony Theater in New York.

v Steamboat Willie was Disney’s first film with sound. 

v The original voice of Mickey Mouse was Walt Disney.

v Mickey’s first words were spoken in 1929 inThe Karnival Kid.

v The first merchandise to feature Mickey Mouse was a child’s school tablet in 1929.

v The Encyclopedia Britannica gave Mickey Mouse his own entry in 1934.

v The first Mickey Mouse cartoon in color was The Band Concert, which premiered on February 23, 1935.

v The last black and white cartoon actually premiered after The Band Concert. It was Mickey’s Kangaroo, which premiered April 13, 1935.

v In 1935, The League of Nations awarded Walt Disney a medal for the creation of Mickey Mouse.

v Mickey was originally drawn with circles for his head, body and ears. In 1939, that design was changed to the more pear shaped appearance we see now. Also, pupils were added to his eyes. The first film Mickey appeared in with his new features was The Pointer.

v The 1935 Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade in New York City was led by a fifty-five foot high Mickey Mouse.

v The League of Nations presented Walt Disney with a special medal, in 1935, in recognition of the fact that Mickey Mouse was “a symbol of universal good will.”

v Mickey’s first appearance in a feature film was in 1940 in Fantasia, where he appeared in his most famous role as the Sorcerer’s Apprentice. His image was modified for this feature film debut to include eye pupils and a more three-dimensional appearance.

v Mickey’s greatest honor came in 1944 when the Allied Forces, under General Dwight D. Eisenhower, prepared to invade the continent of Europe. The code name for the invasion was: Mickey Mouse.

v Between 1928, Steamboat Willie, and 1995, Runaway Brain, Mickey Mouse starred in 120 films. However, there was a 30 year gap between The Simple Things in 1953 and Mickey’s Christmas Carol in 1983.

Olympics - Bird Eye View

Monday, April 28th, 2008
by Sue

Ancient Olympics

 For the ancient Greeks, fire had divine connotations — it was thought to have been stolen from the gods by Prometheus. Therefore, fire was also present at many of the sanctuaries in Olympia, Greece. A fire permanently burned on the altar of Hestia in Olympia, Greece. During the Olympic Games, which honored Zeus, additional fires were lit at his temple and that of his wife, Hera. The modern Olympic flame is ignited at the site where the temple of Hera used to stand.

 The Olympic Flame from the ancient games was reintroduced during the 1928 Olympic Games. An employee of the Electric Utility of Amsterdam lit the first Olympic flame in the Marathon Tower of the Olympic Stadium in Amsterdam.

 The modern convention of moving the Olympic Flame via a relay system from Olympia to the Olympic venue began with the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, Germany. 

The Torch Relay is an Olympic symbol of peace, brotherhood and enlightenment and represents a summons to the Olympic Games. The modern-day Torch Relay is derived from ceremonies once a part of the ancient Games of Olympia, Greece. Torch and relay races were important elements of the cultural festivals surrounding the Games, and heralds traveled throughout Greece to announce the Games of Olympia, declaring a sacred truce for the duration of the Games. These events carried a deep ritual significance – a significance that is still respected in the modern-day Olympic Torch Relay.  Carl Diem, an Olympic historian and philosopher, initiated the first modern-day Olympic Torch Relay for the Berlin 1936 Olympic Summer Games. Since that time, the Torch Relay has been a significant part of the Games, with each relay reflecting the culture of its host country. 

Facts – Olympic Torch Relay  v      In 1936, the first modern day Olympic Torch Relay took place when the torch travelled from Olympia, Greece to Berlin, Germany.v      At the London 1948 Olympic Summer Games – the first Olympic Games after World War II – the lead torchbearer was a corporal in the Greek army who changed out of his military uniform and laid down his arms to signify the sacred truce before carrying the Olympic Flame.

v      The first Olympic Winter Games Torch Relay occurred in 1952 in Oslo, Norway.

v      At the Montreal 1976 Olympic Summer Games, the Flame was transformed to an electronic pulse. The pulse was then carried by satellite from Athens to Montreal, where a laser beam was used to light the cauldron. 

v      A highlight of the Atlanta 1996 Olympic Summer Games was a special appearance by Muhammad Ali, a former Olympian recognized for his boxing success and battle with Parkinson’s disease. He was selected as the final torchbearer to enter the stadium and light the cauldron in what was a most inspiring moment of the Opening Ceremony.

v      The first global relay took place before the Athens 2004 Olympic Summer Games. The journey lasted 78 days, covered a distance of 78,000 kilometers and involved 11,300 torchbearers.

Green

Saturday, April 26th, 2008
by Sue

                                                                  

Green is a color, the perception of which is evoked by light having a spectrum dominated by energy with a wavelength of roughly 520–570-nm. In the subtractive color system, it is not a primary color, but is created out of a mixture of yellow and blue, or yellow and cyan; it is considered one of the additive primary colors. On the HSV color wheel, the complement of green is magenta; that is, a purple color corresponding to an equal mixture of red and blue light. On a color wheel based on traditional color theory (RYB), the complementary color to green is considered to be red.
 

Culturally, green has broad and sometimes contradictory meanings. In some cultures, green symbolizes hope and growth, while in others; it is associated with death, sickness, or the devil. The most common associations, however, are found in its ties to nature. For example, Islam venerates the color, as it expects paradise to be full of lush greenery. Green is also associated with regeneration, fertility and rebirth for its connections to nature. Recent political groups have taken on the color as symbol of environmental protection and social justice, and consider themselves part of the Green movement, some naming themselves Green parties. This has led to similar campaigns in advertising, as companies have sold green, or environmentally friendly, products.
 

In some Asian cultures the color green is often used as a symbol of sickness and/or nausea; however, in China, green is associated with the east, with sunrise, and with life and growth. Many Asian languages have no word distinguishing blue from green, though recently published dictionaries do make the distinction. Besides meaning Green also means rank and smelly and other unpleasant associations. In Ancient China, green was the symbol of East and Wood, one of the main five colors. The Chinese term for “cuckold” sounds similar to the Chinese for “wearing a green hat”. It is because of this that it is extremely rare to see any Chinese man wearing a green hat.
 

Shades of green
 

Army green, Asparagus Bright green, British racing green, Camouflage green ,Celadon Chartreuse, Yellow-green, Emerald Fern green
                   
Forest green, Gray-asparagus Green, Green-yellow, Harlequin Hunter green Islamic green, Jade Jungle green, Kelly green
                   
Lime, Lime green, Moss green, Myrtle Office green, Olive, Olive drab Pear, Persian green, Pigment green
                   
Pine green, Sea green, Shamrock green, Spring green, Spring bud, Tea green. 

      
                                                                      

Disinvestment

Saturday, April 26th, 2008

Disinvestment is not just about selling your assets , here we see that many PSU are not making profit, because they are not running efficiently by disinvestment we give it to the people who can handle them well so that they can earn money and generate employment and govt. get taxes as revenue . Its like encouraging people to become more active partner in nation building. I don’t know why government own PSU of course they can make rule and regulation for working condition and labor welfare

Divestment in profit making PSUs like Bhel is a wise proposition by the govt. It helps the Govt. to cope up with the burgeoning fiscal crises. It can then spend greater amounts on rural infrastructure
projects, education and healthcare. Entry of private players will enhance efficiency in operations & more transparency in them. Moreover as the govt. Still retains the majority of the stakes it still will have control in labour welfare, security systems 4 staff. The left’s opposition is totally
unjustified & will totally hamper the prospects of privatisation in a liberalised economy.




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